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14 Sep

Alexander Prokhorov: Every Tenth Muscovite Works in Industry

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Moscow has set up a Coordination Council for the introduction of a regional human resourcing standard for industrial growth. Head of the Moscow Department of Investment and Industrial Policy Alexander Prokhorov told the Vechernyaya Moskva newspaper (Evening Moscow), what tasks will be performed by this expert and advisory body.

- Tell us, please, how did the idea of the Coordinating Council come about?

- Development and implementation of the regional HR standard for industrial (economic) growth is assignment of the Russian President. We like other Russian regions joined this work and, in 2019, Deputy Mayor of Moscow in the Moscow Government Vladimir Yefimov, CEO of the ANO Agency for strategic initiatives in promoting new projects Svetlana Chupsheva and CEO of the Worldskills Russia Union Robert Urazov signed a corresponding agreement for two years.

We have created a road map that clearly states who should do what and when. The setting up of the Coordinating Council is an important step in implementing this standard. Now it is actively working on its composition, which should include not only the Moscow authorities, but also representatives of educational organizations, employers' associations, large industrial enterprises. The Council will be a platform for interaction between different agencies.

- What tasks will the Coordinating Council perform?

- First of all, it is a consultative and an expert and advisory body. Its main goal is to increase the investment attractiveness of the city by creating a high-quality professional resource. Both the production facilities that are already in operation and those that are just about to be launched are in need of it. The Council will oversee the development of the HR strategy including its programs and concepts and assess the effectiveness of the entire system. The Council will help to establish direct dialogue between key parties: those who need new personnel and those who are training them. For our part, we will help to legally consolidate their jointly developed solutions and to implement them at the city level.

- Are there any difficulties in industry HR training? How exactly do they look like?

- Of course, the main one is that the existing professional standards are framework and quickly become obsolete. Therefore, the formation of a really modern HR policy requires a new approach. It is not enough to create a base of specialists here and now, we need to understand how the needs of the industry will change tomorrow, who and in what quantity it will need.

Even now many industrialists complain that yesterday's graduates of specialized educational institutions often have to be retrained, otherwise they simply can not be allowed to work unsupervised. We are talking not only about engineering staff, but also about working professions.

Another problem is the turnover of specialists including qualified scientific, technical, engineering staff, workers and young people as well. The system of employees adaptation and motivation is compromised. For example, no career prospects or remuneration not meeting expectations.

- How does the city help in solving these difficulties?

- The city is building a professional training system that is primarily focused on the practice and real needs of employers. In order to provide the region's economy with specialized professionals, it is necessary to consolidate the HR standard, carry out systemic changes and work at all levels.

The Moscow authorities have always acted as a negotiator between education and labor market. We asked the enterprises what kind of specialists they need today and which of the "professions of the future" they would like to see at their production facilities in a while. A list of the most demanded competencies and working professions has been compiled, which is used by educational institutions and employment services providing vocational training and retraining.

Work on industrial HR issues is ongoing. Despite the existing difficulties, Moscow is quite prosperous in this matter. For example, the city was included in the leading group of the National ranking of the investment climate in Russian regions upon the Availability assessment of required labor resources".

Job fairs, tour to enterprises, internships at production facilities were held even before the introduction of the HR standard. For example, the Professional Internships project was launched for teachers of pre-professional classes, masters of industrial training and school students. They were able to attend tour and to take internships at more than 100 industrial enterprises of the city. Our Open#Mosprom project is also prospering, where everyone can visit with a free tour any Moscow factory. Separate tour groups for specialized students have now been launched as well.

- Are the working professions popular now? Is the demand for such specialists growing?

- Today every tenth Muscovite works in industry. According to the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation, about 700,000 people work at factories and plants of the capital. The figure is impressive, but qualified specialists are still in short supply. There are few people with perfect working skills.

According to our colleagues from the Moscow Department of Labor and Social Protection, as of September 1, 63% of 107,200 vacant positions are of working professions.

The public sector is another provider of vacancies in construction, housing and utilities. For example, electricians for equipment repair and maintenance, field engineers for automatic and semi-automatic  equipment, operators of CNC machine tools, welders, industrial climbers are are currently demanded. The construction industry is also in demand for fitters, masons, road and asphalt workers, painters, fitters, turner and many others. There are over 70 qualified professions in total.