Report in the Moscow City Duma on the Results of the Moscow City Government’s Activities in 2012-2013

16 October 2013

Sergey Sobyanin:  «Dear Colleagues, Dear Muscovites!

As required by the Charter of Moscow, I am presenting the annual report on our activities to the Moscow City Duma, and this report will be presented today. But first I’d like to speak on another issue - the latest events in the West Biryulyovo.

First of all, on behalf of the Moscow City Government I want to express my condolences to the family of the deceased Yegor Shcherbakov. He did not deserve such early and violent death. We mourn with you.

The police have detained a suspect for the murder of Yegor Shcherbakov, and I want to publicly thank the MIA officers for their professional and efficient work.

The police have detained a suspect for the murder of Yegor Shcherbakov, and I want to publicly thank the MIA officers for their professional and efficient work.

On the other hand, we understand and support the demands of Muscovites to bring markets and trading depots to order, to suppress illegal immigration and to improve the performance of law enforcement authorities, and we are taking the appropriate actions in this direction.

First. In recent years, the major nests of crime, the objects that generated illegal migration and disruption of public order for decades have been seized. Hundreds of gambling places, the market in Luzhniki, the Emeral shopping mall, the tent "cross" at the three stations, and similar markets on other stations, platforms and metro stations were closed. The operation of more than 30 retail markets with tens of thousands of illegal immigrants was closed.

We had to fight for each one of these measures, and the decision-making was very difficult. We felt the antagonism from every direction – from the owners of these establishments and their patrons. But we did it.

Second. The number of kiosks and tents, many of which were also nests of public disturbances in residential areas, was halved. Two-thirds of their staff were also immigrants.

Third. Immigrants in housing and communal services. It so happened that a significant proportion of immigrant workers are working in cleaning of streets, yards and building entrances. This situation did not arise yesterday. The current Government inherited it, and we have begun to systematically deal with this “legacy”.

In 2012, the municipal institution Automobile Roads was established, which has taken up the maintenance of 40% of the city roads. Foreign workers do not work in this institution. Starting from 2014, this institution will service two-thirds of the city roads.

Similar work on the replacement of immigrants with the citizens of Russia has been launched in the housing sector. The municipal institutions "Zhilishchnik" (“Housing worker”) engaged in maintenance of the territory and servicing of the housing stock have been established already in nine districts. "Zhilishchnik" is staffed mainly with the residents of Moscow and the Moscow region and neighbouring regions. In 2014, "Zhilishchnik" will be established in another 34 districts.

Next. The Moscow City Government actively supports the tightening of legislation against illegal immigration and offenses committed by immigrants. The penalties for such actions have been significantly increased recently. The grounds for deportation of illegal immigrants have been broadened and their entry into to the Russian Federation has been restricted.

The right to suppress violations in immigration was returned to the police, as the migration service obviously cannot deal with this issue on its own. As a result, the police have filed 650 criminal cases on illegal migration this year. For comparison, last year, this figure was less than twenty cases.

The robust actions of the police and migration service are not a temporary campaign, which will soon come to nought. Combating ethnic crime, detection of illegal migrants, reduction in their criminal activity, and deportation of undesirable persons from Moscow will continue. Together with the law enforcement authorities, we will strictly impose order.

Anger that arises in the hearts of people, when they see a meaningless and cynical murder, is understandable, but the violence and assault is not a way out of the situation, and is an even greater dead end. The authorities of Moscow and the police are on the side of Muscovites. Together we will fight against illegal migration, and we will do it in a civilized and lawful way.

As for the abuse on the vegetable base in West Biryulyovo, inspections of compliance with sanitary and immigration legislation are under way. Criminal charges on violations against its management are already filed. The enterprise itself is closed and it is unlikely that it will ever open again. This is a good signal for everyone, who puts their interests of profit above the law and the interests of Muscovites.

Now let me move to the report on the Government performance. The first major result of the last year – is the return of the election of the City Mayor.

I’d like to thank the deputies of the Moscow City Duma for the support of the legislative initiatives aimed at ensuring the competitiveness and transparency of the elections. Fair and competitive elections of the Mayor are, perhaps, one of the main outcomes of the past campaign. Their direct consequence was the amendment of the political atmosphere in the city – from street protests and opposition society turned to civilized participation in municipal administration through the elections of the higher bodies of municipal authorities. By voting at elections, the electorate also assessed the specific individuals, the election programmes, and actual activities of the candidates.

Electing me as the Mayor of Moscow, the majority of Muscovites thus supported the radical changes that we have been conducting in various spheres of municipal services since 2011. We won the elections with the programme "Moscow – the city comfortable for living".

Seven priorities of our programme represent the concrete action plan to address the issues that determine the quality of life in Moscow. Much has been done to implement these priorities. More needs to be done. We do not intend to stop there and mark time.

So, here are seven priorities. The first priority is the new economy, the new urban planning policy, and the economic development of Moscow.

The Moscow City Government has cancelled is 25 million square metres of city development, including 13 million square metres of investment contracts. These projects did not meet the interests of Muscovites and were making the living environment and transport problems worse. Nobody in the world has ever taken such radical decisions on changing urban planning policy. But we did.

From a haphazard city development in the interest of the investors, we turned to a balanced development of public areas for the benefit of the residents, from long-term congestion to protection of the existing urban environment, from demolitions to renovation of historic buildings, from concentration of all human and material movements in the city centre to creation of a polycentric agglomeration, from a turbid medium of individual arrangements to an electronic system of registration of land relations and licensing documentation for construction.

Construction and investments are not the goal in itself for us. Our purpose is Moscow, comfortable for the residents. But without investments the city is doomed to degradation. Changes in the urban planning policy have not led to an outflow of investments from Moscow. In 2013, over 1 trillion 100 billion rubles will be invested in the economy of Moscow, 60% of which will be from private sources. In absolute terms, it is 1.5 times more than in 2010.

In three years, 21 million square metres of real estate were built; building permits for another 38 million square metres were granted. The real return for the city is the new areas of Moscow: about 2 million square metres of real estate will be built already this year.

Thus, the investors are not gone. They still want to work in Moscow, but, unlike in previous years, the investors are much more willing to consider the interests of the city in the implementation of their plans.

On the other hand, the mentality of officials is gradually changing. They increasingly feel not like almighty masters of life, but like professional managers who were hired to work in the interests of Muscovites, although we are just in the beginning of a long and arduous revolution in the minds, which will require, of course, much more time and effort than just some legislation or administrative regulations.

Further elimination of redundant barriers, combating corruption, active search for and attraction of investors, support of entrepreneurs and innovators who ensure the basis for the welfare of the capital through their activities, are the most important tasks for all authorities for the next few years. We have to become the best in solving these problems, and create the business environment, in its quality comparable with the standards of the most developed cities.

Over the past three years, the economy of Moscow has overcome the consequences of the global economic crisis. The actual wages of Muscovites have increased by 20% since 2010. The unemployment rate is the lowest in history – less than 1%. Moscow has overcome the demographic hole as well: the natural population growth has resumed since 2011, and the average life expectancy in the city has approached 76 years, which is a good European indicator.

The next priority and another direction for radical changes is the "Mobile City". Three years ago, a 180-degree turn began in the development of the transport system. The growing anarchy of road traffic turned into better organization due to the strict administration and the observance of the traffic regulations. From the encouragement to use private vehicles, the city has turned to the priority of public transport. Random decisions on the construction of roads, which were often driven by the interests of the specific developers, were replaced with the unified programme of the development of the city transport system.

Today we can assert that the bet on the faster growth of public transport made three years ago has been won. First of all, public transport has become more popular. The number of passengers has increased by 300 million since 2010, which is a very significant figure even for a metropolis.

Public transport has become more affordable in Moscow. Construction of the metro stations has improved transport accessibility for one million Muscovites living or working in the areas where new metro stations were built. In just three years 12 new metro stations will be opened. Public transport has become more comfortable. The programme on replacement of the "Mosgortrans" rolling stock with the new low-floor buses and trolleybuses is almost completed. Annually the Moscow metro purchases more than 300 modern carriages. New types of tickets are being used, and the first night routes have been launched. But what is also important that public transport in Moscow has become cheaper. The base fare price has not increased since 2011. Adjusted for inflation, the real cost of tickets today is 20% lower than three years ago. We will continue to develop public transport in the next few years.

At the moment, 24 tunnelling machines are operating on the construction of new underground sites – it is an absolute record and the most in the history of the Moscow metro. The plans for 2014 include completion of the Lublinskaya metro line with Seligerskaya metro station and the extension of the Sokolnikcheskaya metro line to Salarievo.

Another major transport programme on the development of rail transport is being implemented just as actively.

Suburban electric trains have already been introduced on the new route Novoperedelkino to Kiev Railway Station. In the next few months, it is planned to complete the construction of fourth main trunk route and to introduce express trains from the Leningrad Railway Station to Khimki with the subsequent extension of this line to Zelenograd.

Programmes of construction of alternate routes in other areas of the railway have been approved, the sources of financing, including targeted subsidies from the budget of the city of Moscow have been defined, and the design and site preparation are under way.

The Small Ring of Moscow Railways is being constructed at full speed, and the future transfer hubs are being designed.

A new integrated urban transport network will be established for surface transport in 2014-2015, which will increase the total number of bus routes by about 10%.

More than 100 hubs are being built in Moscow for the convenience of transferring from one means of transport to another.

At the same time, the large-scale road construction continues. In 2013, the construction of five outbound highways was completed – Varsavskoe, Kashirskoe, Leningradskoe, Yaroslavskoe highways and the routes of Rublevskoe highway – Balaklavsky Prospekt. The traffic on these roads has become freer. The reconstruction of four more continues: Entuziastov, Shchelkovskoe, Mozhaiskoe highways, and Ryazansky Prospekt.

In addition, the priorities of the road construction for the next few years are the reconstruction of interchanges on the Moscow Ring Road, the construction of chord roads, the development of roads in New Moscow, the construction of new pedestrian crossings, and the reconstruction of overhead crossings over railway tracks. I am sure that all above measures will give a positive result.

Every year more and more Muscovites will be able to make their daily trips around the city both by public transport and by private vehicles within a reasonable time.

The next priority of the Government is the development of education. And we can see some fundamental positive changes in this sphere. The most important of all the processes is the interest of the students. Today, the prosperity of schools and the rate of teachers’ remuneration are directly related to the number of students and the quality of their education. All schools receive financing according to the unified high standard, regardless of the location, the name of the principal, or the past services. The best schools receive additional grants.

To streamline the admissions procedure, an electronic enrolment system for kindergartens and schools was introduced.

In 2011-2013, schools were comprehensively redeveloped and re-equipped, including with computer classes and laptops for teachers. Real public self-administration was established in schools. During the reorganization of the network, major educational complexes were established. The remuneration of teachers has increased significantly, in many schools by twice or more.

Education in the capital has become of better quality and more affordable, and the job of a teacher – more prestigious. Both the results of the uniform state examinations and the results of participation of Moscow school students in thematic Olympiads confirm this.

In 2011-2012, more than 100 new kindergartens were built in Moscow. About 40 more kindergartens will be commissioned before the end of this year. Adjusted for the birthrate growth, the city will continues to build new kindergartens and schools. Of course, what has been done does not mean that education in Moscow does not have any problems. Those are the bureaucracy in the work of a teacher and the excessive load both on teachers and students. The system of education is constantly facing new challenges and objectives, and we have to be ready to provide adequate solutions in this regard.

Another area of major changes is in city health care. In 2010, over 50% of the existing medical equipment was in need of immediate replacement. Modern equipment could be counted on the fingers of one hand. Therefore, the radical changes in health care have started with the replacement of outdated material and technical base in hospitals and clinics. The modernization programme has been successfully completed by the current midyear. In total more than 60 thousand units of modern medical equipment were purchased; and for the first time the city clinics have received four "Da Vinci". surgery robots An electronic system for doctors’ appointments was introduced; and already over 5 million Muscovites have made use of it. In terms of equipment, the city health care is now at the level of the developed European capitals. At the same time, we have entered a period of complex system reorganizations.

Just in two years the vertically integrated specialized medical centres for treatment of cancer, mental disease, addictions, and other socially significant diseases, were established. combining city hospitals and specialized clinics, The network of maternity hospitals and antenatal clinics was reorganized, in the framework of which a unified system to assist women during pregnancy and childbirth was established.

Due to the radical improvement of medical equipment and medical standards, the productivity of leading Moscow clinics has increased significantly.

In accordance with the Federal Law, the active transition to financing of health care institutions through insurance payments is taking place. Already this year, the hospitals will receive the major part of the funds for patient care from compulsory medical insurance funds.

Changes in the outpatient treatment system have been made last year as well. Instead of 450 disjointed clinics, sometimes having neither specialists or equipment, 40 outpatient diagnostic centres for children and 46 for adults have been established, provided with all necessary equipment. Staffing of these centres requires highly specialized doctors. At the moment, the recruitment for filling vacant jobs is under way.

Starting from October 1, 2013, the clinics were transferred to the new per capita financing system. Patients can choose a clinic, regardless of the place of registration. Choosing a particular clinic, a patient will provide for its financing by compulsory medical insurance funds. And on the other hand, fewer patients will result in the reduction of clinic’s budget. Thus, hospitals are directly interested in the quality of treatment of their patients. At the same time, within the new financing system, there is no sense for the doctors to write extra prescriptions and referrals for tests, examinations, and do a lot of paper work. Clinics will also have separate financing for routine medical services and preventive medical examinations.

In addition, analysis of the situation has revealed a shortage of health care institutions in Moscow. There are areas where the actual load on clinics is 1.5-2 times higher than normal. To this extend, we have adopted the programme on construction of new clinics, and 30 of them will be built in the next three years.

The implementation of these measures will bring the city’s health care to a higher level of quality. We already have the first results; most notable are the increase in life expectancy and the reduction of mortality from many types of diseases. For example, the mortality from blood circulatory system disorders has decreased by 16%, and from neoplasms – by 15% since 2010.

Of course, health care is not only the quality of medicine. The priority "Healthy City" includes such areas as improvement of the environmental situation, sports, and leisure. In 2013, we have continued to implement a number of major environmental projects, including the reconstruction of the Moscow oil refinery. The launching of the closed treatment facilities of the Moscow oil refinery has already provided a six-fold reduction in the discharge of harmful substances into the Moscow River. The reconstruction of treatment facilities will be completed by the end of 2014, which will enable reduction of sulphur dioxide emissions by 10 times, and hydrogen sulphide emissions – by 70 times. The unpleasant odours that have been upsetting the residents of Kapotnya all these years will disappear.

Moscow was the first one among Russian regions to ban the sale of petrol and diesel fuel of below the "Euro-4" standard at filling stations.

This autumn, we have launched another major environmental campaign. In the next few years, about 1 million trees will be planted in the courtyards, on the streets, and along the main roads of the city of Moscow.

Generally accessible sport and recreation infrastructure is being actively developed - modern outdoor fitness equipment, bike paths, and ski trails are now available to almost every resident of Moscow. Last winter, for the first time, rinks with artificial ice were operating in every district of the city. During summer months, for the first time, the municipal bike rental service was organized. These new possibilities are widely enjoyed by Muscovites; about 30% of the city residents are regularly involved in sporting activities.

At the same time, Moscow is clearly lacking major sports facilities – sports and recreation centres, swimming pools. There is a need for active attraction of investors in this sphere, and allocation of suitable land plots for construction, providing land resources for this priority.

The priority "Socially Protected City" does not need any revolutionary changes. We have to strictly enforce the compliance with the social protection enjoyed by the elderly, disabled, families with many children, and other categories of our citizens – in total more than 4.5 million Muscovites.

But even in this sphere we have to seriously improve what we have. It is not enough just to pay allowances and benefits. We must know the needs of those who are in the most difficult situation, and not just know them, but also provide help, and solve specific problems of specific individuals.

Since 2011, the living conditions of war veterans, widows of veterans, single war workers, and disabled persons of group I have been investigated. In total more than 200 thousand people were covered. According to the results of the inspections, social services have rendered assistance on additional health treatment, rehabilitation, and purchase of consumer durables for veterans and disabled persons, as well as on solving other domestic problems.

Such assistance was of no exceptional character. Programmes of targeted aid to low-income categories of citizens will continue in the future.

In 2013, the Moscow City Government has completed the three-year programme of renovation and redevelopment of social institutions. This helped to improve the living conditions of more than 10 thousand veterans in nursing homes.

The implementation of the long-term programme of adaptation of urban infrastructure for disabled persons and other persons with limited mobility continues. In 2013, already 78% of public buildings will be adapted to the needs of such citizens. The quality and cost of housing and public utility services play a huge role in social wellbeing of Muscovites. The Moscow City Government has managed to slow down the growth in tariffs for housing and public utilities services. I’d like to remind you that in 2010, the growth in tariffs was 22%. This year it will be 9.7%. The next year it is planned at 7%, i.e. within the inflation rate.

Dear Colleagues, the next priority is "Comfortable Urban Environment".

Although, according to the level of redevelopment, Moscow has always been compared favourably with other cities of Russia and the world, even in this sphere a lot of negative trends have built up. In recent years, the quality of the urban environment did not improve, but rather has been gradually degraded: neglected public areas, dominance of outdoor advertising, untidy street trade. This situation required radical changes as well.

The amount of restoration work on the architectural monuments was increased by a factor of 30. Within three years, the renovation of facades of over one thousand buildings in the historic centre and along the exit highways was undertaken. The streets of Moscow were freed from excessive and intrusive outdoor advertising. In parallel, we have started to form a new layout scheme for placement of advertising structures, and have determined the permissible advertising formats. In general, as a result of this scheme the space of advertising construction is reduced almost 10-fold. At the same time, according to the results of a competition which was held, the income increases annually almost 10-fold. Of course, all this did not happen at once; it was a real struggle, including for the adoption of a new Federal Law regulating these matters.

The quality of pedestrian streets has improved vastly - new pedestrian zones have been created in Stoleshnikov lane, on the Kuznetsky Bridge, Nikolskaya Street, Bolshaya Dmitrovka, and on Krymskaya embankment. The restoration of the Boulevard Ring was completed; the landscaping of mini-parks on the Garden Ring is near completion; another 30 hiking trails were created in all administrative districts of Moscow. The work on the creation of hiking trails in Zamoskvorechie district is under way.

For the first time, the project on creation of 52 public parks was implemented, and the places for them were proposed by the Muscovites themselves. The creation of park areas in New Moscow was launched. The first parks will be built this year.

In total, in three years about 200 large public areas have been renovated or created in Moscow.

The redevelopment of 16.5 thousand city courtyards brought them up to a new standard, about 14 thousand outdated elevators were replaced, selective refurbishment of residential buildings with a total area of 23 million square metres was accomplished. In addition, a two-year programme on improvement of courtyards street lighting, playgrounds and pavements was completed.

All work performed in the residential sector is preliminarily agreed with the deputies of the local government, which allows consideration of thousands of requests and wishes from Muscovites.

Next year, we will continue implementing this programme. Also, we will begin to create world class public areas in Moscow, meaning new parks in Zaryadie and on Khodynskoe Field.

Moscow has numerous theatres, but in recent years, many of them have become seriously dilapidated. So, we have introduced a separate set of measures for the renovation, repair and construction of new theatres in Moscow.

Already such theatres as the Ermolova Theatre, the Moscow Puppet Theatre, the Kuklachev Cats Theatre and the "Shadow" Theatre have opened after renovation. The construction and reconstruction of buildings of the Mayakovsky, Aleksander Gradsky, Oleg Tabakov, "Helikon-Opera" and other theatres will be completed soon. There will be no long term theatre construction projects in Moscow.

Further development of social and cultural space, the formation of civilized trade, modern services, equal in quality and comfort to the best cities of Europe is the most important development trend of Moscow for the next few years.

The seventh direction of reorganization is the project "Open Moscow". In fact, today it is perhaps the most important priority, in the framework of which the future system of the city administration is formed.

The citizens should know and understand that their voice is important not only once every five years on the voting day, but that they are heard by the authorities at all times, and that they can solve their problems or implement useful ideas.

It would seem that the resolution of this task in a city with the population of 12 million people is almost impossible. Nevertheless, even here tremendous changes have been made, and the powers of the citizens to influence the government have increased manyfold.

The powers of the municipal deputies in the housing repairs, construction, redevelopment and solving of other local issues were extended radically. But not only the deputies, but also ordinary residents of the city are becoming valued partners of the city authorities.

In the first half of 2013, up to five thousand applications a week were submitted to the interactive portals "Our City", "Roads of Moscow", "Moscow Houses", which is more than the number of citizens’ requests in the traditional form.

Considering the high demand for this form of dialogue with the government, in August 2013, we took the next step: we have launched the unified portal, where Muscovites can leave their comments on 100 different topics of everyday city life - from the condition of playgrounds to cases of illegal construction. And not only can they leave their comments, but they also get clear responses and action on the issues they have raised.

In fact, the unified channel of communication between the citizens and the executive authorities was created in Moscow, and there is nothing like it in any other city of the world.

The portal will be further developed, covering more and more new issues of the city life. We invite Muscovites to propose the areas in which they would like to participate, in terms of the city policy development, and in order to monitor the quality of the government’s performance. At the moment what this portal obviously lacks are complaints about the performance, not of the municipal, but of federal agencies, including the performance of the Federal Migration Service, and Rospotrebnadzor (Federal Service for Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare). Although it is not in our remit to assist them in collection of information from the citizens and in implementation of their requirements on elimination of violations, I think it is possible to create the relevant services on collection of such proposals and forwarding them to the federal agencies in the framework of our portal.

The public services system is actively updated as well. In eighteen months, 65 multi-service centres have been established, and more than 50 thousand citizens apply there daily. In the next few months, the number of such multi-service centres will exceed 90, and their services will be available to 70% of Moscow residents. During the last year, such electronic services as child allowance payments, enrolment to the institutions of further education and many others were introduced. The Moscow portal of public services will continue to expand.

New approaches to the provision of public services are changing the principles of interaction between the citizens and the authorities. From a petitioner, who was forced to spend hours at the office doors, a citizen has turned into a customer whom the authorities are obliged to provide with all the necessary services in a timely manner and with the maximum convenience.

Dear Deputies, Today you will review the draft of the Moscow City budget for the next three years in the first reading. Let me outline the basic principles and approaches the budget is based on.

In the next three-year period, we expect the growth of the budget revenues at the rate of about 4% per year. Thus, the revenues and expenditures were estimated based on this trend. The budget revenues in 2014 are expected to be 1 trillion 486 billion rubles. The planned expenditure is 1 trillion 651 billion rubles. The projected budget deficit is 165 billion rubles. Similar to the past years, it will be covered mainly the mobilization of additional revenues. In addition, for the purpose of balancing the budget, we will save on the placing of state procurement orders. Borrowings will be minimal, and they will be allocated only for the purposes of development.

Despite the severe restrictions on the revenues, the budget of Moscow will maintain the continuation of the previous budgets in the next three years. The draft budget provides for financial resources for the implementation of the priorities of our programme I have spoken about.

First of all, the budget will remain social. The priorities of the budget are education, health care, and social protection; in total these areas will be financed at the level of 840 billion rubles, or 51% of the expenditure in 2014.

It is proposed to allocate 341 billion rubles to the financing of the priority "Mobile City" in 2014, or 21% of the expenditure. Basically, these expenditures are of a capital nature: the construction of metro stations, roads, acquisition of rolling stock and so on. The budget of Moscow is a development budget overall. The expenditure on the development activities in all spheres will amount to 520 billion rubles in 2014, or 31% of the expenditure. It is proposed to allocate 254 billion rubles to the financing of the priority "Comfortable Urban Environment".

Apart from the budget expenditure, the city development is financed from extra-budgetary sources: private funds, the federal budget, natural monopolies and municipal institutions. If we summarize all the resources that are allocated today to the implementation of the priorities of Moscow’s development, we will see that for 1 ruble of the Moscow budget another 1 ruble comes from extra-budgetary sources. Thus, even in the circumstances of unfavourable development of the economic situation, the draft budget of Moscow remains strong and robust, and provides for the full implementation of all plans. I’d like to ask you to support this budget.

Dear Deputies, for the past three years we have done a lot, indeed. But in the next five years, we will have to do even more to implement our Moscow development programme. This programme is the largest not only in Russia, but also in comparison with the absolute majority of the metropolitan cities of the world. We will rely on the support of Muscovites and will work together with them for the benefit of our common home – the city of Moscow. Thank you!»  


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