Investment in Moscow: Investment climate factors

Moscow has a convenient and affordable public transport system.

In 2016, the Moscow urban transport system was daily servicing about 18.9 million passengers (5.7 billion passengers a year, which is 600 million trips (+12%) more than in 2010). In terms of the total public transport passenger traffic, Moscow is comparable to London, but inferior to Beijing and Tokyo.

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Public transport passenger traffic, billion people, 2016

Source: Euromonitor, Moscow Department of Transport and Road Infrastructure Development

Moscow has more than 950 land urban transport routes (including 10 night routes), and in 2016 the city launched a new route network called Magistral intended to improve the convenience of daily downtown trips and reduce land transport traffic intervals, which includes three route types: main (17), district (11) and social (7). Moscow has 12 subway lines (346 km, 206 stations), and the Moscow Central Ring (54 km, 31 stations). The capital and satellite cities are interconnected by 11 suburban railway routes. Show chart

Passenger traffic in Moscow, billion passengers

Source: Mosgortrans

Moscow' significant advantage is a low public transport fair as compared to the largest megacities of the world. Since January 1, 2017, public transport fairs in Moscow have been in the range from 19.2 to 55 RUB per trip (0.3-0.9 USD) depending on the tariff and trips quantity, which is much cheaper than in New York, Berlin or London.

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Average public transport fairs in different cities of the world, August 2017, USD per trip

Source: Numbeo.

The Moscow Metro is one of the world's leaders in terms of the line length. In 2016, 16 km of metro lines were built, including the Moscow Central Ring (a 54 km above-ground metro line), 70.3 km of above-ground and underground metro and 39 stations were put into operation. In 2017, it is planned to commission 19 metro stations and 42.1 km of tunnels. Show chart

Length of metro lines in different cities of the world, August 2017, km

Source: World Metro Database, Moscow Metro State Unitary Enterprise

The citizens and guests of the city can use the services of about 46.5 thousand licensed city taxis, 1,900 cars for car sharing and 3,200 bicycles for hire. The number of trips made with hired city bicycles increased from 70 thousand in 2013 to 1.5 million in 2016. According to the data of 2016, the number of trips using the Moscow car sharing system is expected to make 1.2 million. At the same time, 6 times more car sharing trips were made in June 2016 than in January 2016, the number of registered users having increased 5 times during these months and reached 176,000 in June 2016.

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City taxi system development, 2011-2016

Source: Moscow Department of Transport and Road Infrastructure Development

Moscow has a significant advantage, in that the price of a journey on public transport is relatively cheaper in comparison to the other large cities of the world. Depending on the tariffs and trade limits, the cost of public transport services in Moscow varies between RUB 14 and 60 per journey (from USD 0.28 to USD 1.17 according to the Bank of Russia’s exchange rates as of 1 May 2015), which is essentially cheaper than New York, Paris or London. Show chart

Average cost of public transport in cities around the world (USD per journey)

Source: Numbeo.

In 2017-2019, the Moscow budget investment costs for the transport infrastructure development will amount to 1 tn RUB, i. e. about 70% of the Moscow Targeted Investment Programme budget. In 2017-2019, Moscow will allocate 507 bn RUB from the city budget for the metro development, under the Moscow Targeted Investment Programme.

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Budgetary investments in the Moscow transport infrastructure development in 2015-2019, bn RUB.

Source: 2015 - Decree of the Moscow Government No. 630-PP "On Moscow Targeted Investment Programme for 2015-2018" dated 30.09.2015; 2016-2019 - Decree of the Moscow Government No. 665-PP "On Moscow Targeted Investment Programme for 2016-2019" dated 11.10.2016 (as amended on July 20, 2017).

Public transport passenger traffic, billion people, 2016

Source: Euromonitor, Moscow Department of Transport and Road Infrastructure Development

Passenger traffic in Moscow, billion passengers

Source: Mosgortrans

Average public transport fairs in different cities of the world, August 2017, USD per trip

Source: Numbeo.

Length of metro lines in different cities of the world, August 2017, km

Source: World Metro Database, Moscow Metro State Unitary Enterprise

City taxi system development, 2011-2016

Source: Moscow Department of Transport and Road Infrastructure Development

Average cost of public transport in cities around the world (USD per journey)

Source: Numbeo.

Budgetary investments in the Moscow transport infrastructure development in 2015-2019, bn RUB.

Source: 2015 - Decree of the Moscow Government No. 630-PP "On Moscow Targeted Investment Programme for 2015-2018" dated 30.09.2015; 2016-2019 - Decree of the Moscow Government No. 665-PP "On Moscow Targeted Investment Programme for 2016-2019" dated 11.10.2016 (as amended on July 20, 2017).