Facts and Figures
Moscow is the capital of Russia. This is an ancient city that dates as far back as 1147, though archeologists believe that the area was first inhabited during the 7th century B.C. Moscow covers about 255,000 ha, while its population is over 12 million people. The capital is subdivided into 12 administrative divisions and 146 districts.
Moscow’s tourist "gates" are its 4 international airports, 9 railway stations and 2 river ports. Getting around town is easy, convenient and fast due to the Aeroexpress shuttle connecting the airports with the city center and Moscow train stations that are generally close to its center.
The capital of Russia is situated on the Moscow River bank. Green areas such as gardens, parks, mini-parks, manors, wildlife reserves, etc., account for a third of the city’s area, all of them boasting recreational and sports facilities.
The Moscow City Department for the Physical Culture and Sport has established the Moscow Tourist Call-Center to provide up-to-date information on the city tourist resources and options, the city transport infrastructure, and to ensure the prompt consulting assistance in case of emergencies.
the call-center provides consulting services in Russian, English, German, French and Chinese. The service is provided using the following phone numbers: 8 (800) 302-31-12 and 8 (800) 350-51-12, which are free of charge for Russian and foreign tourists from the phones of all Russian mobile operators, as well as from stationary phones located in the Russian Federation. 8 (495) 587-71-12, which is used for receiving incoming calls from abroad, as well as from foreign mobile operator numbers used by the foreign tourists in Moscow using international roaming. Payments are made in accordance with operators' rates.
There are over 300 museums and exhibition halls, 237 theaters, over 120 movie theaters, more than 120 natural parks, 118 natural conservation areas and 64 landmarks that represent palace architecture and landscape gardening art.
The major sights are most concentrated around the city center. The Kremlin and Red Square have become symbols of Moscow. The Moscow Kremlin complex is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Armoury Chamber, which is a world-famous museum and treasury open to visitors since 1814, boasts over 4,000 arts and crafts exhibits from Russia, European and Eastern countries, dating as far back as the 4th century.
For more information on the Moscow sights please refer to this link. Here you can find information on Moscow architecture, galleries, exhibition halls, museums, theaters, historical quarters, monuments, sites, parks and concert halls.
There are about 450 museums and exhibition halls showcasing numerous events in Moscow. Exhibits at the A. S. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts offer detailed insight into the history of world fine arts and sculpture. Another famous museum is the State Tretyakov Gallery founded by P. Tretyakov, a collector and patron of arts. The State Historical Museum has a comprehensive collection of artifacts originating from all over the country. The former English Club building on Tverskaya Street houses the State Central Museum of Contemporary History of Russia.
The Muzeon Sculpture Park, Moscow House of Photography Museum and Exhibition Complex, Vinzavod Exhibition Center and the Red October Art Cluster, the biggest art center in Moscow, offer a comprehensive overview of contemporary art.
Moscow is the home to world-famous ‘temples of music’ like the Bolshoy Theater, the Moscow Tchaikovsky Conservatory and the Moscow International House of Music.
Most of Moscow’s largest parks are situated on the premises of former family estates. These have some historical buildings like palaces, mansions and pavilions that have survived to the present day and are now used as museums that offer a variety of entertainment programs. These include Gorky Park, Sokolniki Park, Moose Island (‘Losiny Ostrov’) National Park, N. Tsitsin Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vorobyovy Gory Natural Reserve, All-Russian Exhibition Center, Kolomenskoye Museum-Reserve, Tsaritsyno Palace and Garden Complex, Kuskovo Estate, etc.
There’s a range of sights for family visits, including the Moscow Planetarium, Moscow Zoo, a seaquarium, the Experimentarium Amazing Science Museum, State Darwin Museum, etc. Children and adults alike can enjoy circus shows which run in the Great Moscow State Circus on Vernadsky Avenue and the Nikulin Moscow Circus on Tsvetnoy Boulevard.
Four 40-meter high observation platforms offer amazing views at the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour and at the bell tower of the Novodevichy Convent, the oldest and the most beautiful active convent founded by Grand Duke Vasily III in 1524. The Novodevichy Convent was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2004. Climb up to the 340-meter high observation platform of the famous Ostankino television tower and you will get a view of the entire city.
Famous streets like Tverskaya, Sretenka, Solyanka, Varvarka, Prechistenka, Volkhonka, Petrovka, and the Old Arbat are of special historical value. In addition, all of the many monuments dedicated to outstanding people and heroic events contribute to the unique appearance of the city.
Hotels and Service
Moscow boasts an advanced hospitality industry. There are travel agencies specializing in reception services, including those for foreign tourists, restaurants, stores, shopping malls, SPA, beauty centers, etc., all ready to serve numerous customers.
The information about categorized Moscow hotels can be found at the Moscow City Department for the Physical Culture and Sport page at the Official website of the Mayor of Moscow. Here you can find business and economy class hotels, mini-hotels and hostels.
Business in Moscow
Moscow is one of Europe’s major business and finance centers with many Russian and foreign corporate offices, banks and business schools. As Russia's major business tourism center, Moscow can provide those traveling on business with whatever they need. Annually, the city hosts over 300 of the most important Russian and international summits, forums, conferences and exhibitions. Here you can find more information on Moscow exhibition and conference centers.
The World Trade Center boasts an exhibition space of over 3,000 m2 and 26 halls and conference rooms with capacity ranging from 8 to 1,200 people. The Crocus Expo International Exhibition Center, with 549,000 m2 of exhibition space and 49 conference halls of varying capacity, hosts half of all the exhibitions held in the Russian capital. The Expocentre Central Exhibition Center, renovated 5 years ago, offers 165,000 m2 of exhibition space and is in close proximity with the city center, governmental buildings and the city’s main traffic arteries. The 2,375 m2 All-Russian Exhibition Center boasts unique Soviet-era architecture and has well-developed infrastructure.
Moscow’s ‘temples of the arts’ are also available for all kinds of other events. Vernadsky Geological Museum has three conference halls outfitted with multimedia equipment. The conference hall at the Memorial Astronautics Museum provides a big screen, a podium and professional equipment. The hall at the Multimedia Art Museum can hold up to 130 people. The Tsaritsino Museum and Nature Reserve with its luxurious 18th century halls can also be a nice place to hold symposiums, forums and conferences.
Sports have always been one of Moscow’s top priorities. In all, there are about 450 sports facilities, including stadiums, sports palaces, pools, skating rinks, tennis courts, golf clubs, skiing and equestrian centers, where coaching is offered and many competitions, including international ones, are held. Moscow hosted the World Championships in Athletics 2013 and will host the 2018 FIFA World Cup Finals. More information on sports infrastructure can be found here.
The Yasenevo District boasts the Sodruzhestvo Palace of Game Sports, Uzkoye Mountain Skiing Club, Sozvezdie Ice Palace, Sirano Fencing Club, Cheremushky Tourism and Excursion Center for Children and Youth and the Bitsa Recreation Zone.
In Strogino, one can find the Dynamo Rowing Club, the ‘Tchaikovskaya Skate’ Figure-Skating School and the Yantar Higher School of Tennis, while Romashkovo-Strogino (14.4km) is one of the capital’s best jogging routes.
The Ramenki District is a home to the historical Setunsky Stan Fencing Club, a dance studio, the city golf club, Bike Land Motor Sport Club and Stolitsa Russian Mountain Skiing Club, plus there is the Moscow State University Park which is considered to be a nice place for jogging, and the Vorobyovy Gory observation platform and natural reserve, which attracts many roller skaters and cyclists.
The Krylatskoye District boasts a real jewel, the Dynamo Sports Palace, a sports complex under the same name, a cycling track, a rowing canal, a golf club and a ski slope.
The most sports-dedicated district of Moscow is Aeroport, where anyone willing to take up some sporting activity can visit the Krilya Sovetov Sports Complex, the Dynamo Stadium, the CSKA Ice Palace or the MFA pool.